Music in Islam: Permissible or forbidden?
This is a brief response to those who considered use of Musical Instruments as Halaal. They often play Music at Tombs, Graves and during the celebration of Milad-Un-Nabi(sallal lahu alyhi wasalam).
May Allah guide all of us Ameen.
a)Importance of following Prophet(peace be upon him)
b)Proof from Quran.
c)Proof from Sunnah(Ahadith).
d) Music made Halal by Tahir-ul-Qadri.
e) Reply to the argument of Tahir-Ul-Qadri.
f)Beware of Deviated Scholars.
a)Importance of following Prophet(peace be upon him)
Allah says,"On the day when the wrongdoer Gnaweth(bite) his hands,he will say:Ah, would that I had chosen a way together with the messenger(of Allah) Alas for me! Ah,would that I had never taken such an one for friend! He verily led me astray from the reminder after it had reached me.Satan was ever man's deserter in the hour of need." (surah Furqan Verse:26-28)
Allah Says,"But nay, by thy lord, they will not believe (in truth) until they make thee(O prophet Mohammed(Pbuh) judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which thou decidest, and submit with full submission.(Surah Nisa verse:65)
Allah says,"And those who oppose the Apostle after the obvious truth to him, and follow the path that is not the way believers, We let him freely against the fallacy that they have learned it and We insert it into the Jahannam, and Jahannam was an evil refuge! . '(Surah An Nisa' 4: 115)
Sahih Bukhari Volume 9 : Book 92 : Hadith 384 :
Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse." They said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who will refuse?" He said,"Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)."
Sahih Muslim Book 30, Number 5670:
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The similitude of mine and that of my Umma is that of a person who lit fire and there began to fall into it insects and moths. And I am there to hold you back, but you plunge into it.
b)Proof from Quran
Allah says,’’And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing) to mislead (men) from the path of Allaah…” [Surah Luqmaan 31:6]
The scholar of the ummah, Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: this means singing. Mujaahid (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: this means playing the drum (tabl). (Tafseer al-Tabari, 21/40).
Al-Hasan al-Basri (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: this aayah was revealed concerning singing and musical instruments (lit. woodwind instruments). (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 3/451).
Allah says,''And their prayer at the House was not except whistling and handclapping.So taste the punishment for what you disbelieved.(Surah Al-'Anfal 8:35)
Allah says,’’And those who disbelieve say, "Do not listen to this Qur'an and speak noisily during [the recitation of] it that perhaps you will overcome."(Al-Qur'an 41:2)
c)Proof from Ahadith
Sahih Bukhari Volume 7 : Book 69 : Hadith 494 :
Narrated by Abu 'Amir or Abu Malik Al-Ash'ari:
that he heard the Prophet saying, "From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful..' Allah will destroy them during the night and will let the mountain fall on them, and He will transform the rest of them into monkeys and pigs and they will remain so till the Day of Resurrection."
Sunan Abu-Dawud Book 41 : Hadith 4909
Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud: Salam ibn Miskin, quoting an old man who witnessed AbuWa'il in a wedding feast, said: They began to play, amuse and sing. He united the support of his hand round his knees that were drawn up, and said: I heard Abdullah (ibn Mas'ud) say: I heard the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Singing produces hypocrisy in the heart.
It was narrated from Abu Malik Ash' ari that the Messenger of Allah said: "People among my nation will drink wine, calling it by another name, and musical instruments will be played for them and singing girls (will sing for them). Allah will cause the earth to swallow them up, and will turn them into monkeys and pigs," (Hasan)
(Sunan Ibn-Majah Hadith-900)
Abu Umamah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “I have been sent as mercy and guidance for the worlds, that I will annul the idols, the flutes, the instruments, and the affairs of ignorance.”
عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بُعِثْتُ رَحْمَةً وَهُدًى لِلْعَالَمِينَ لِمَحْقِ الأَوْثَانِ وَالْمَعَازِفِ وَالْمَزَامِيرِ وَأَمْرِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ
7757 المعجم الكبير للطبراني باب الصاد من اسمه الصعب
المحدث الشوكاني خلاصة حكم المحدث حسن لغيره
[At-Tabarani, Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabeer, Number 7757, Hasan]
It was narrated that Al-Awza'i said:"Umar bin 'Abdul-'Aziz wrote a letter to 'Umar bin Al-Walid in which he said: 'The share that your father gave to you was the entire Khumus, but the share that your father is entitled to is the same as that of any man among the Muslims, on which is due the rights of Allah and His Messenger, and of relatives, orphans, the poor and wayfarers. How many will dispute with your father on the Day of Resurrection! How can he be saved who has so many disputants? And your openly allowing musical instruments and wind instruments is an innovation in Islam. I was thinking of sending someone to you who would cut off your evil long hair."' (Sahih)
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ يَحْيَى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَحْبُوبٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُوسَى - قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، - وَهُوَ الْفَزَارِيُّ - عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ، قَالَ كَتَبَ عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ إِلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ كِتَابًا فِيهِ وَقَسْمُ أَبِيكَ لَكَ الْخُمُسُ كُلُّهُ وَإِنَّمَا سَهْمُ أَبِيكَ كَسَهْمِ رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَفِيهِ حَقُّ اللَّهِ وَحَقُّ الرَّسُولِ وَذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَمَا أَكْثَرَ خُصَمَاءَ أَبِيكَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَكَيْفَ يَنْجُو مَنْ كَثُرَتْ خُصَمَاؤُهُ وَإِظْهَارُكَ الْمَعَازِفَ وَالْمِزْمَارَ بِدْعَةٌ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ وَلَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَبْعَثَ إِلَيْكَ مَنْ يَجُزُّ جُمَّتَكَ جُمَّةَ السُّوءِ .
(Sunan Nasai English reference: Vol. 5, Book 2, Hadith 4140;Sunan Nasai Arabic reference: Book 39, Hadith 4152)
'Ali bin Abi Talib narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said:"When my Ummah does fifteen things, the afflivtions will occur in it." It was said: "What are they O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "When Al-Maghnam(the spoils of war) are distributed (preferentially), trust is usurped, Zakah is a fine, a man obeys his wife and disobeys his mother, he is knid to his friend and abandons his father, voices are raised in the Masajid, the leader of the people is the most despicable among them, the most honored man is the one whose evil the people are afraid of, intoxicants are drunk, silk is worn(by males), there is a fascination for singing slave-girls and music, and the end of this Ummah curses its beginning. When that occurs, anticipate a red wind, collapsing of the earth, and transformation." (Da'if)
حَدَّثَنَا صَالِحُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ التِّرْمِذِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْفَرَجُ بْنُ فَضَالَةَ أَبُو فَضَالَةَ الشَّامِيُّ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " إِذَا فَعَلَتْ أُمَّتِي خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ خَصْلَةً حَلَّ بِهَا الْبَلاَءُ " . فَقِيلَ وَمَا هُنَّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ " إِذَا كَانَ الْمَغْنَمُ دُوَلاً وَالأَمَانَةُ مَغْنَمًا وَالزَّكَاةُ مَغْرَمًا وَأَطَاعَ الرَّجُلُ زَوْجَتَهُ وَعَقَّ أُمَّهُ وَبَرَّ صَدِيقَهُ وَجَفَا أَبَاهُ وَارْتَفَعَتِ الأَصْوَاتُ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ وَكَانَ زَعِيمُ الْقَوْمِ أَرْذَلَهُمْ وَأُكْرِمَ الرَّجُلُ مَخَافَةَ شَرِّهِ وَشُرِبَتِ الْخُمُورُ وَلُبِسَ الْحَرِيرُ وَاتُّخِذَتِ الْقَيْنَاتُ وَالْمَعَازِفُ وَلَعَنَ آخِرُ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ أَوَّلَهَا فَلْيَرْتَقِبُوا عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ رِيحًا حَمْرَاءَ أَوْ خَسْفًا وَمَسْخًا " . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَلاَ نَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا رَوَاهُ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ غَيْرَ الْفَرَجِ بْنِ فَضَالَةَ . وَالْفَرَجُ بْنُ فَضَالَةَ قَدْ تَكَلَّمَ فِيهِ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْحَدِيثِ وَضَعَّفَهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ حِفْظِهِ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ عَنْهُ وَكِيعٌ وَغَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ الأَئِمَّةِ .
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi English reference: Vol. 4, Book 7, Hadith 2210;Jami` at-Tirmidhi Arabic reference: Book 29, Hadith 2371)
d)Music made Halal by Tahir-ul-Qadri
Tahir-ul-Qadri tried to prove the use of Musical Instruments as Halaal by Misinterpreting the text of Sahih Ahadith.
Hadith quoted by Qaadri
Sahih Bukhari Volumn 002, Book 015, Hadith Number 070.
Narated By 'Aisha : Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house while two girls were singing beside me the songs of Buath (a story about the war between the two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and the Aus, before Islam). The Prophet (p.b.u.h) lay down and turned his face to the other side. Then Abu Bakr came and spoke to me harshly saying, "Musical instruments of Satan near the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ?" Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) turned his face towards him and said, "Leave them." When Abu Bakr became inattentive, I signalled to those girls to go out and they left. It was the day of 'Id, and the Black people were playing with shields and spears;
e)Reply to the argument of Tahir-Ul-Qadri
Sahih Muslim Book 004, Hadith Number 1940.
Chapter : Permission for sport on 'Id days in which there in no sin.
'Aisha reported that Abu Bakr came to her and there were with her two girls on Adha days who were singing and beating the tambourine(Daff) and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had wrapped himself with his mantle. Abu Bakr scolded them. The Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him) uncovered (his face) and said: Abu Bakr, leave them alone for these are the days of 'Id. (Sahih Muslim Book-4 Hadith-1940)
Comment:-The above Hadith uses the Term “Tambourine(Daff)’’ but Qadri Misinterpreted the above Hadith.Now I’d like to ask this fool will he play Music, Tablas and Guitar at Masajid???
f)Beware of Deviated Scholars
Abu Dhar said, I was in the presence of Prophet(saw) one day and I heard him(saw) saying,'There is something more I fear for my ...Ummah than the Dajjal.' it was then that I become afraid, so I said 'O Messenger of Allah! Which thing is it that you fear for your Ummah more than the Dajjaal ? He [the Prophet(saw)] said, 'Misguided and Astray Scholars.'
(Reference Musnad Ahmad, Hadith-2033)
Thawban narrated that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said:"I only fear for my Ummah from the misguiding A'immah." He said that the Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said: "There will never cease to be a group from my Ummah manifest upon the truth, they will not be harmed by those who forsake them until Allah's Decree comes." (Sahih)
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ الرَّحَبِيِّ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " إِنَّمَا أَخَافُ عَلَى أُمَّتِي الأَئِمَّةَ الْمُضِلِّينَ " . قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم " لاَ تَزَالُ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي عَلَى الْحَقِّ ظَاهِرِينَ لاَ يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ يَخْذُلُهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ " . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ . قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْمَدِينِيِّ يَقُولُ وَذَكَرَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم " لاَ تَزَالُ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي ظَاهِرِينَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ " . فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ هُمْ أَهْلُ الْحَدِيثِ .
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi English reference: Vol. 4, Book 7, Hadith 2229;Jami`at-Tirmidhi Arabic reference: Book 29, Hadith 2393)
Conclusion:-May Allah protect us from Deviated Scholars Ameen.
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